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A sample of City of London, Ontario, By-laws from 1879

220. All bread sold or offered for sale within the City of whatever shape or form, shall be in loaves of two pounds and four pounds respectively, and all bread sold or offered for sale within the City of any less weight shall be seized and forfeited for the use of the poor, provided always that nothing in this section contained shall prevent bakers or others from selling or offering for sale biscuits, buns, rolls, crackers, muffins or any other fancy cakes commonly made in the trade and not intended to represent or pass as a loaf or loaves of bread, and no person shall sell or offer for sale within the City bread made contrary to the provisions of this By-law.

221. It shall be lawful for any member of the Police Force or Chief of Police, or for the License Inspector at any time from six o’clock in the morning until eleven o’clock at night (Sundays excepted) to enter into any house, shop or place within the City where bread is sold or offered for sale and cause the bread found therein to be weighed, and if such bread shall be found to be less weight than provided by the next preceding section of this By-law, to seize and carry away the same order that it may be disposed of for the use of the poor in such manner as shall be directed by the Mayor, Police Magistrate or Chairman of the Hospital and Relief Committee.

260. The Market House now established and known as the Covent Garden Market situated between Dundas Street and King Street and Richmond Street and Talbot Street, and the Market Place adjoining thereto, shall continue to be the Market House and Market Place of the City.

261. Every day in the year except Sunday, Christmas Day and Good Friday, shall be a market day.

262. The Market House shall be opened every morning (Sunday, Christmas Day, and Good Friday excepted) by the Clerk of the Market at five o’clock between the first day of May and the first day of November, and at seven o’clock during the rest of the year; and be shut at two o’clock every afternoon all the year round, except Saturday when the market shall be kept open till ten o’clock in the evening.

269. Upon sale and delivery of potatoes within the City by the bag, the bag shall be taken and intended to mean ninety pounds weight.

355. Every manufacture of woollens, cottons, glass or paper shall, after having been established within the City a manufactory for all or any of the purposes aforesaid, and kept the same in operation for a period of six successive months, shall be exempt from taxation within the City in respect of the manufactory actually used by him for the purposes aforesaid, the personal property used or employed in such manufactory, and the income derived therefrom, for the period of five years, to be computed from the expiration of six months, provided always that whenever such manufactory shall cease to be used or run for the purpose aforesaid, or some or one of them; or if the manufacture of some or one of the classes of articles hereinbefore mentioned shall not be continuously going on at such manufactory, such exemption shall cease and determine.   

SOURCE: Charter and By-laws of the City of London - 1879

© Trevor Dailey

This article is revised from time to time.


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